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  2. 英语
  3. 九年级英语
  4. 零冠词

Li Ming likes to play ______ basketball and ______ basketball is his favourite sport. [ ]A. /; the B

一、题文

Li Ming likes to play ______ basketball and ______ basketball is his favourite sport.

[     ]

A. /; the
B. the; /
C. a; the
D. /; /

考点提示:零冠词

二、答案

D

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Li Ming likes to play ______ basketball and ______ basketball is his favourite sport. [ ]A. /; the B》这道题主要考你对 零冠词 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:零冠词

考点名称:零冠词
  • 零冠词
    是指名词前面没有不定冠词(a、an)、定冠词(the),也没有其他限定词的现象。零冠词也是冠词的一种。
    例如:
    This is my book.
    Bread is made from flour.
    Let's go and play basketball.
    He is head of the factory.
    注意:有些名词前用the,或不用the,其意义有所不同。例如:
    go to school  上学    
    go to the school 到学校去
    in future 今后,将来  
    in the future 将来  
  • 零冠词的用法
    1.表示抽象概括意义时,不可数名词和复数名词使用零冠词,例如:
    (/)Books are my best friends.书是我的好朋友。
    (/)Cotton feels soft.棉花摸起来柔软。
    (/)Water boils at 100℃.水在摄氏100度沸腾。
    比较:The water in this river is undrinkable.这条河的水不可饮用。

    2.专有名词通常使用零冠词,例如:
    (/)Lu Xun is a great Chinese writer.鲁迅是一位伟大的中国作家。
    (/)London is the capital of England.伦敦是英国的首都。
    (/)China is a developing socialist country.中国是一个发展中的社会主义国家。
    (注意:组合国名或缩写国名前加定冠词,如:the United States 美国;the U.K 英国)

    3.按照习惯下列各类名词使用零冠词:
    1)季节、月份、星期以及节假日(中国传统节日除外,详细请查阅“定冠词”)等名词前,例:
    (/)Summer begins in June in this part of the country.这个地区夏天从六月份开始。
    We have no classes on(/) Sunday.星期日我们不上课。
    There are a lot of (/)people shopping at (/)Christmas.在圣诞节有很多人购买东西。
    2)三餐饭菜的名词,例:
    have (/)supper 吃晚饭
    come to (/)dinner 去吃饭
    3)语言、运动、游戏等名词,例:
    She speaks (/)Chinese.她说汉语。
    He plays (/)football.他踢足球。
    Let’s have a game of (/)chess.咱俩下盘棋吧。
    4)在某些意义有改变的名词前要使用零冠词,例:
    He has gone to (/)school.(to learn)他去上学了。
    They were in (/)church just now.(to worship)现在他们在做礼拜。
    同样, in hospital是“住院(治疗)”,in prison是“服刑”,等等。
    注意:如果在这类名词前加冠词,则表示去那里干与之无关的事,例:
    go to the school 可理解为去学校看望人,而不是“学习”。

    4.在表示职位、头衔、身份等名词前,例:
    (/)Professor Wang 王教授
    (/)Doctor Tompson 汤普生医生
    (/)President Lincoln 林肯总统
    (/)Dean of the English Department 英语系主任

    5.泛指的复数名词,表示一类人或事物时,可不用定冠词(泛指的复数名词非零冠词):
    They are teachers. 他们是教师。
    当两个或两个以上名词并用时,常省去冠词;
    I can't write without pen or pencil.没有钢笔和铅笔,我就写不了字。

    6.当by 与火车等交通工具连用,表示一种方式时,中间无冠词,例:
    by bus,by train;

    7.有些个体名词不用冠词,如:
    (/)school,(/)college,(/)prison,(/)market,(/)hospital,(/)bed,(/)table,(/)class,(/)town,(/)church,(/)court
    等个体名词,直接置于介词后,表示该名词的不同含义:
    go to hospital 去医院看病 ;
    go to the hospital去医院 (并不是去看病,而是有其他目的)
    in bed 生病卧床 ;
    in the bed 在床上
    in table 就餐 ;
    in the table\\tables 在桌旁

    8.不用冠词的序数词:
    a. 序数词前有物主代词
    b. 序数词作副词:
    He came (/)first in the race.
    c. 在固定词组中:
    at (/或the) first,first of all,
    from first to last
    注:三餐饭前带有形容词修饰时,应加冠词:
    have a quick breakfast .
    当球类指具体事物时,应加冠词:
    where is the football ?

    9.某些中国乐器前面不加冠词,例如:
    play (/)erhu;play (/)dizi ( 弹古筝 play the zither 吹笛子 play the flute)

    10.有些物质名词和抽象名词前永远用零冠词,即使有形容词,也用零冠词。常见的有:
    (/)weather,(/)progress,(/)fun,(/)advise,(/)news,(/)information,(/)luck,(/)furniture,(/)wealth,(/)honesty 等。
    另外,man 表示“人类”和word 表示:“音讯时一般不加冠词,如:
    It is well known that (/)man has a very close relationship with (/)environment。众所周知,人类与环境关系非常密切。

    11.在表示颜色和语言的名词前用零冠词,例:
    She is in(/)red 她穿红色衣服(=She is in a red dress)

    12.特殊动词后用零冠词,如:
    He turns(/)a father.
    (/)Student as he is.
    注:为了区分不加冠词和加零冠词的两种情况,本帖特别使用表示零冠词的“(/)”符号表示零冠词。

  • 零冠词使用口诀及注释:
    下列情况免冠词,代词限定名词前,
    专有名词不可数,科球类三餐饭,
    复数名词表泛指,两季星期月份前,
    颜色语种和国名,称呼习语和头衔
    注释:
    1.下列情况免冠词,代词限定名词前,
    代词限定词放在名词的前面时,名词不加冠词
    例:my book; any book
    2.专有名词不可数,科球类三餐饭,
    1)不可数名词,专有名词通常不加冠词。
    例:Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母
    2)在三餐、球类运动和娱乐运动的名称前,不加冠词,如have breakfast,play chess。
    3.复数名词表泛指,两季星期月份前,
    例:We go to school from Monday to Friday.  我们从星期一到星期五都上课。
    4.颜色语种和国名,称呼习语和头衔
    1)颜色语种和国名如 in black; in English; in Canada
    2)在称呼或表示官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词。
    例:The guards took the American to General Lee. 士兵们把这个美国人送到李将军那里。

  • 习惯用零冠词的固定短语: 
    一、介词+零冠词+名词
    at present
    beyond hope of
    by chance
    by day
    by hand
    by rule
    face to face
    from beginning
    hand in hand
    in battle
    in danger of
    in defence of
    in fact
    in fear
    in hopes of
    in issue
    in place of
    in spit of
    in time
    on account of
    on business
    on earth
    on credit
    on foot
    on hand
    out of date
    side by side
    with credit
    二、动词+零冠词+名词
    cast anchor
    catch fire
    change gear
    get fun
    give battle
    give way
    lose heart
    make way
    send word
    set sail
    三、动词+零冠词+名词+介词
    catch sight of
    do duty for
    find fault with
    make use of
    set fire to
    take hold of
    take exception to
    take part in
    take care of

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