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“Visitors to the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai will be able to go sightseeing in super cool cars with

一、题文

“Visitors to the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai will be able to go sightseeing in super cool cars with no drivers,” Shanghai city government speaker said recently.
When the six-seat car was shown to the public, it interested many people. “The car will help visitors feel what high technology(技术)is and help them enjoy the tour of the World Expo site,” said a teacher from Tongji University. The car, 4.5 meters long, 1.7 meters wide(宽), and 1.6 meters tall, runs along a white line. The car costs around 300,000 yuan to build and can reach a top speed of 50 kilometers per hour.
According to the researchers, visitors will be able to driver the car anywhere in the World Expo site by pressing a button(按按钮). If they want to get off or stop the car, all they need to do is just to press the button again.
“People can rent one of these cars for a whole day or just take a ride in it from one place to another,” the teacher said. About 400 to 500 of these cars will be made for the Expo in 2010. the cars will have radar(雷达)to help them get around. They will mainly use solar(太阳能)batteries. And they have no need of drivers and oil(汽油), these cars will help save energy and human work, and cause no pollution to the environment.
小题1:The new type of car has _____ seats.
A. seven                      B. six                          C. five
小题2:According to this passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. The car can reach a top speed of 50 kph.
B. The car costs about 30,000 yuan to build.
C. The car is 4.5 meters long and 1.7 meters tall.
小题3:Which of the following is not mentioned in this passage?
A. People can buy this type of car and drive it in the World Expo site.
B. This type of car can save energy and human work, and cause no pollution.
C. People can press the button themselves when they want to get off or stop the car.
小题4:The title(标题)of the passage is probably “_____”.
A. Radar First Used in Cars 
B. Cool Cars with No Driver
C. Tour the 2010 World Expo

考点提示:健康环保类阅读,科教类阅读

二、答案


小题1:B          
小题1:A
小题1:A
小题1:B

1. B 根据When the six-seat car was shown to the public可知,它有六个座位,故选B。
2. A 细节题,来自第二段对这种车的介绍,从can reach a top speed of 50 kilometers per hour,故A对。B错误,是300,000 yuan;C也错误,是1.7 meters wide(宽)and 1.6 meters tall。
3. A 文章说的是:visitors will be able to driver the car anywhere in the World Expo site(游客可以在世博会上开)而没说到买,故选A。B来自文章最后一句;C答案来自于第三段,只有A文章没讲到。
4. B 文章讲的是将用于世博会的超酷无人驾驶车的外形,构造及优点等,故选B。从文章第一句be able to go sightseeing in super cool cars with no drivers也可知B正确,而A,C不能全面概况文章的内容。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《 “Visitors to the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai will be able to go sightseeing in super cool cars with》这道题主要考你对 健康环保类阅读科教类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:健康环保类阅读,科教类阅读

考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保类阅读:
    本类型主要是围绕饮食健康、医疗卫生及环境保护等方面选取实际的材料来设题。
    体裁有记叙文、说明文、议论文和各种应用文。
  • 健康环保类阅读题答题注意事项和技巧:
    应试生态环保类题目时,在理解文章的基础上,要重点突破——归纳主旨大意技能,因为推断是以整体理解为基础的推断能力。
    1.归纳主旨大意:
    (1)寻找具体段落的中心思想的方法是:找出每小段的主题句。
    主题句通常有这样的特点:
    ①有一个话题(topic);
    ②有阐述控制性概念,偶尔也可在一段中间;
    ③有的文章无明显主题句,主题句隐含在段意之中。这就需要读者进一步加工概括了。
    (2)寻找整篇文章的中心思想的方法建立在寻找具体段落中心的基础上的。
    应观察全文的结构安排,理解文章浓墨重笔写的“重心”,考虑文章组织材料及支撑性细节是服务于什么的,分析故事的发展结局都是围绕什么中心大意来安排的。
    (3)典型错误:
    ①忽视文章的结构;
    ②混淆了中心与支撑细节或材料的区别;
    ③忽视文章表意的倾向性;
    ④漏掉了主要的特征词。

    2.正确推理判断:
    推理判断试题要求考生尽量考虑文中全部信息或事实,在通篇理解文章的基础上领会作者的言外之意,并作出正确的推理和判断。
    (1)数据推断题
    解答此类题,关键是要善于捕捉有关数字的信息,然后在透彻理解原文的字面意义和题意的基础上,运用自己的数学知识,对其进行分析、推算,从而得出正确的结论。
    (2)知识推断题
    根据文章中所阐述的细节,运用基础知识进行分析、推敲,从而得出符合文章原义的结论的一种推断方法。
    (3)逻辑结论推断题
    根据事实、论点、例证等一系列论据材料,不是根据自己的经验、态度、观点或爱好去理解文章的内涵。
    解答这类题的前提是要首先获得短文的主题思想或列举的具体事实,然后按题意要求进行推断。
    (4)对作者态度、倾向的推断题
    作者的倾向和感情往往隐含在文章的字里行间,或流露于修饰的词语之中,因此,在推断过程中,应特别注意文中作者的措辞。
考点名称:科教类阅读
  • 科普类的阅读:
    科普类的阅读理解包含介绍科学知识、社会知识的短文。阅读这类短文时,要以事实为中心进行思考,抓住事物的特征、用途、相互关系等。
    如果是介绍社会现象的文章,要掌握所谈现象的内涵。
  • 答题技巧:
    1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
       关键词做上记号,尤其是各段中心句,为答题提供更快捷更多的信息源。
    2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
    3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。

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