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My name is Toby. I’m eighty-three years old now. I once knew the greatest man in England. William Sh

一、题文



My name is Toby. I’m eighty-three years old now. I once knew the greatest man in England. William Shakespeare was his name. I first met William near a big field of apple trees in the town named Stratford in October, 1579. He told me he was 15 years old. He was two years older than me. He had a sister, Joan, and two younger brothers, Gilbert and Richard. And the next year he had another brother, Edmund. After William’s parents died, he and his sister lived with his mother’s brother. I became his friend from that day until he died. We met nearly every day. We were friends for thirty years.
I once worked with him in the theatre, through the good times and the bad times. William was good at acting. He could make all kinds of people pleased. By 1592, he became very famous. He was always busy day and night. I don’t know when he slept. He not only acted in plays, but also wrote his own plays. In his whole life, William wrote 37 plays in all. He was the best playwright in England.
He wrote a play about love in 1595. It was Romeo and Juliet. He once used my name, Toby, in his play—Twelfth Night. In this play, Sir Toby Belch was a big fat man, who liked drinking too much and having a good time. Queen Elizabeth the First watched this play on the 6th of January, 1601. She liked it.
William Shakespeare is dead now, of course. He has been dead for more than thirty years. There’s no singing, no dancing, no plays. It isn’t like that in my young days. But I can still think—and remember when William and I were young, we had a good time in London, William and I…
小题1:Toby and William first met in ______.
A.1601B.1595C.1592D.1579
小题2:Who was William’s youngest brother?
A.GilbertB.EdmundC.RichardD.Joan
小题3:In the second paragraph, the underlined word “playwright” means “a person who ______”.
A.writes playsB.performs in plays
C.watches playsD.works in a theatre
小题4:Romeo and Juliet is a play about _______.
A.warB.peaceC.loveD.friendship

考点提示:日常生活类阅读,人物传记类阅读,故事类阅读,人生感悟类阅读

二、答案


小题1:D
小题2:B
小题3:A
小题4:C
短文属于记叙文。作者讲述了他的朋友William Shakespeare的生平及艺术生涯。
小题1:细节理解题。从第一段“My name is Toby.”和“I first met William…in October, 1579”可知。
小题2:综合理解题。通过第一段“He had … two younger brothers, Gilbert and Richard.”和“ And the next year he had another brother, Edmund.”这两句可知Edmund在这五兄妹中最小;而且,后面讲述了他父母死后的事情。综合这些信息,可以推测,没有比Edmund更小的了。
小题3:词义猜测题。根据上一句中“William wrote 37 plays in all.”可知。
小题4:细节理解题。从第三段“He wrote a play about love in 1595. It was Romeo and Juliet.”可知。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《My name is Toby. I’m eighty-three years old now. I once knew the greatest man in England. William Sh》这道题主要考你对 日常生活类阅读人物传记类阅读故事类阅读人生感悟类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:日常生活类阅读,人物传记类阅读,故事类阅读,人生感悟类阅读

考点名称:日常生活类阅读
  • 日常生活类阅读:
    日常生活这一话题主要涉及人们衣食住行等方面的活动。这一话题的选材主要针对人们日常的工作,生活以及学习情况。
    做这一类题时,最主要的是要把握好人物的活动内容,时间和地点。
考点名称:人物传记类阅读
  • 人物传记类阅读:
    本类型选材主要是名人轶事。
    人物传记的叙述线索也常常以时间为序。内容一般不是一个人的生活流水账,而是选取主人公一些重要的人生阶段或生活片段来展开叙述。
    阅读时要把握主人公在此阶段发生的事对他本身或他人有什么重要的意义和影响。
考点名称:故事类阅读
  • 故事类阅读:
    文章一般描述的是某一件具体事情的发生发展或结局,有人物、时间、地点和事件。
    命题往往从故事的情节、人物或事件的之间的关系、作者的态度及意图、故事前因和后果的推测等方面着手,考查学生对细节的辨认能力以及推理判断能力。
    阅读这类材料时,同学们一定要根据主要情节掌握文章主旨大意,同时抓住每一个细节,设身处地根据文章内容揣摩作者的态度和意图,根据情节展开想象,即使是碰到深层理解题也可迎刃而解。

  • 故事类阅读注意:
    初中生接触到的阅读材料大都是故事类。
    阅读故事类的材料,应该抓住人物线索、地点线索、时间线索和情节发展线索。

    特别注意的是,以上线索往往是并存的。因为情节的发展总是涉及到人物的变化、时间的推移、场景的变换等。
    而阅读材料后的阅读理解往往会围绕这些内容设计一些事实类的理解题。

    凡事实类的理解题都可以从阅读材料的表层文字中找到答案。

    在阅读故事类短文时,应理解文章的深层含义,也就是它的主题。在此需要注意的是,现在的阅读理解题在测试事实类的理解题的同时,往往有一道推理类理解测试题.
考点名称:人生感悟类阅读
  • 人生感悟类阅读:
    这类文章所涉及的人生道理和感悟也许平常我们在做这类阅读题的时候可能见过,所以注意不要把自己的日常经验带到考试中。
    阅读这类题目,要注意阅读各段的首句和末句,因为往往它就是这段的中心句或者是作者的观点所在。
  • 英语阅读题技巧:
    (一)阅读的技巧
        1.阅读时不要出声,要养成快速阅读的好习惯。
        2.阅读时不要逐字阅读,要养成以意群为单位阅读的好习惯。
        3.学会找关键词、关键句。关键句通常位于段落的开头或结尾。
        4.学会根据上下文猜测生词的词义。
    (二)答题的技巧
        1.通读全文,了解大意。
        2.带着问题,复读原文。
        3.理解识别,推断归纳。
        4.复核检查,确保无误。
  • 人生感悟英语格言:
    1、Great minds have purpose, others have wishes.
    杰出的人有着目标,其他人只有愿望。
    2、Being single is better than being in an unfaithful relationship.
    比起谈着充满欺骗的恋爱,单身反而更好。
    3、If you find a path with no obstacles, it probably doesn’t lead anywhere.
    太容易的路,可能根本就不能带你去任何地方。
    4、Getting out of bed in winter is one of life’s hardest mission.
    冬天,将自己从被窝里掏出来,是人生最难的任务之一了。
    5、The future is scary but you can’t just run to the past cause it’s familiar.
    未来会让人心生畏惧,但是我们却不能因为习惯了过去,就逃回过去。
    6、I love it when I catch you looking at me then you smile and look away.
    我喜欢这样的时刻:我抓到你正在看我,你笑了,然后害羞地别过脸去。
    7、Having a calm smile to face with being disdained indicates kind of confidence.
    被轻蔑的时候能平静的一笑,这是一种自信。
    8、Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm.
    成功是,你即使跨过一个又一个失敗,但也沒有失去热情。
    9、Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced.
    并不是你面对了,任何事情都能改变.但是,如果你不肯面对,那什么也变不了。
    10、A guy who whispers in your ears, saying ” It’s alright, I’m here.” Holds you when you’re sad, and treasures everything about you. That’s the guy I want to give my heart to.
    那个人会在耳边轻声说:没事,我在这。在你悲伤时给你依靠,与你相关的,他都珍视。有这样的人,我爱定了。
    11、Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be what you want to be, because you have only one life and one chance to do all the things you want to do.
    做你想做的梦吧,去你想去的地方吧,成为你想成为的人吧,因为你只有一次生命,一个机会去做所有那些你想做的事。
    12、We all have moments of desperation. But if we can face them head on, that’s when we find out just how strong we really are.
    我们都有绝望的时候,只有在勇敢面对时,我们才知道我们有多坚强。
    13、If they throw stones at you, don’t throw back, use them to build your own foundation instead.
    如果别人朝你扔石头,就不要扔回去了,留着作你建高楼的基石。
    14、If your happiness depends on what somebody else does, I guess you do have a problem.
    如果你的快乐与否取决于别人做了什么,我想,你真的有点问题。
    15、When there’s no expectation, losing won’t bring hurt, gaining makes you surprised.
    不去期望。失去了不会伤心,得到了便是惊喜。
    16、Sometimes your plans don’t work out because God has better ones.
    有时候,你的计划不奏效,是因为上天有更好的安排。
    17、How much truth of heart in one’s life is told in a joke?
    一辈子,有多少真心话,是以玩笑的方式说了出去?
    18、A relationship should be between two people, not the whole world.
    爱情是两个人的事,与旁人无关。
    19、You can’t have a better tomorrow if you don’t stop thinking about yesterday.
    如果你无法忘掉昨天,就不会有一个更好的明天。
    20、Today, give a stranger one of your smiles. It might be the only sunshine he sees all day.
    今天,给一个陌生人送上你的微笑吧。很可能,这是他一天中见到的唯一的阳光。

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