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阅读理解。 Some students are talking about open-book exam: May: We students have so many burdens (负担). Ma

一、题文

阅读理解。
      Some students are talking about open-book exam:
May:
We students have so many burdens (负担). Maybe examination is the greatest one.
Open-book exams can make our burdens lighter, I think. At least it means that we
need not learn so many things by heart any more.

Hill:
Open-book exams do not mean students do not need textbooks any more. Instead,
it shows how much students really understand about the book. It may mean we
need spend even more time learning history and politics because the open-book
exam means going deeply into the textbooks.

Sun:
We need a long time learning for history and politics exams because there are so
many things to remember. And sometimes the results are not very good, even if we
have spent a long time studying. If we are able to take books into our exams, we
will save time and we won't have so many headaches.

Tang (teacher):
Open-book tests are harder for students because the tests make them feel they do
not need to understand the textbooks any longer. They rely on (依靠) the books
and spend most of their time looking for answers during exams. Sometimes they
might not even be able to finish their tests because they have wasted too much time
looking for answers.
1. Who think open-book exam is easier for students?
[     ]
A. May and Sun
B. May and Tang
C. Sun and Hill
D. Tang and Hill
2. According to the passage today students ________.
[     ]
A. like to learn history and politics by heart.
B. have so many burdens.
C. are healthy enough to remember all the things.
D. are not very clever, so they need open-book exams
3. What does Tang think makes some students not be able to finish their tests in time?
[     ]
A. They can't do it at all.
B. The time for tests is too short.
C. They waste time learning the answers by heart.
D. They don't understand the textbooks very well.
4. Hill thinks that open-book exam means "________".
[     ]
A. students do not need to read textbooks any more
B. students will save time and they won't have so many headaches
C. how much students really understand about book
D. students need not learn so many things by heart any more
5. According to the text, which do you think is NOT true?
[     ]
A. You can take your textbook with you in an open-book exam
B. You need to learn more things in the history and politics books by heart in an open-book exam
C. The open-book exam may mean going deeply into the textbook.
D. It has two sides to have an open-book exam — good and bad.

考点提示:社会现象类阅读

二、答案

1-5: ABDCB

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《阅读理解。 Some students are talking about open-book exam: May: We students have so many burdens (负担). Ma》这道题主要考你对 社会现象类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:社会现象类阅读

考点名称:社会现象类阅读
  • 社会现象类阅读:
    这类文章通过写人记事来揭示文章的主题,显示其社会意义,一般采用顺序或倒叙来叙述。
    题目经常是一些细节问题。考查的方面可以是原因和其中引发的思考。阅读这类文章要理清思路。
  • 描述社会现象英语:
    安居工程 housing project for low-income families
    安居小区 a neighborhood for low-income families
    保障妇女就业权利to guarantee women’s right to employment
    补发拖欠的离退休人员统筹项目内的养老金 All back pension entitlements have been paid for the retired covered by the overall government plan.
    裁定保险赔偿 adjudication of benefits
    城镇居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents
    城镇社会保障体系the social security system in urban areas
    城镇职工基本医疗保险制度the basic medical insurance system for urban employees
    大力推行个人助学信贷 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.
    待业人员 job seekers
    待遇优厚的工作 a well-paid job
    单亲家庭 single parent family
    定向培训 training for specific posts
    独生子女 the only child
    对保障方案进行精算评估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.
    对口扶贫 provide poverty alleviation aid to the designated sister regions
    福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization one works with
    岗位培训 on-job training
    个人自愿计划 voluntary private plans
    工伤保险制度the on-job injury insurance system
    工资收入分配制度the wage and income distribution system
    关系国计民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people’s livelihood
    关心和支持残疾人事业 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.
    关心老龄人 care for senior citizens.
    国企下岗职工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises
    过温饱生活 live a life at a subsistent level
    合理调整就业结构to rationally readjust the employment structure
    后勤服务社会化 make logistic services independent in their operation
    基本养老金basic pensions
    计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
    加快住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
    加强计划生育工作 further improve family planning
    加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
    家庭美德 family virtues
    建立集体合同制度to establish a group contract system
    建立市场导向的就业机制to establish a market-oriented employment mechanism
    建立新型的劳动关系to establish a new type of labor relations
    教育程度 educational status; education received

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