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Wang Bing’s father began smoking when he was a freshman ( 大学一年级学生)in college. His friend passed him

一、题文

Wang Bing’s father began smoking when he was a freshman ( 大学一年级学生)in college. His friend passed him his first cigarette. He has now been smoking for more than 30 years.
It’s a classic example of how young people are introduced to cigarettes, except that nowadays smokers develop their habit at an even younger age.
It has become a major concern(担忧) in China that many teenagers begin to smoke. A survey showed that 22.5% of the middle school students questioned had tried smoking and 15.8% of them smoked regularly.
For many teenagers, smoking is a symbol of being an adult, independence, maturity(成熟) and attractiveness because the images who they love best often smoke on screen.
The social environment also plays an important role in attracting teenagers to smoking. They are used to seeing their elders, especially male family members, smoking at home. Many of them imitate adult behavior and become new smokers.
To increase the price of cigarettes is an effective way to reduce the number of young smokers, as teenagers have limited money to spend on them.
Another way is to educate the teenagers to voluntarily refuse cigarettes. A survey shows that 92.5% of the students know smoking will be bad for their health. If we persuade them in a proper way, most of them may give up smoking.
All in all, the society, the government, the school and the family should join together to take the responsibility for an anti-smoking (禁烟) campaign aimed at teenagers, not just to put empty slogans and warnings on cigarette packs.
小题1:The writer uses the first paragraph to ______.
A. tell the readers a story of a smoker
B. introduce the topic of the passage
C. introduce the college life of Wang Bing’s father.
小题2:What’s the main idea of this passage?
A.The teenagers think smoking is a symbol of being an adult and independence.
B.The social environment encourages the teenagers to smoke.
C.The teenagers should be educated to refuse to smoke.
D.The teenage smoking has become a serious problem in China.
小题3:What does the word ”imitate”in Paragraph 5 mean in Chinese?
A.指责B.忍受C.模仿D.支持
小题4:From the underlined part of the last sentence of this passage, we can infer(推断) that the writer thinks putting slogans and warnings on cigarette packs is ______to solve the problem.
A.not enoughB.of no use
C.of great helpD.of great importance.

考点提示:社会现象类阅读

二、答案


小题1:B
小题2:D
小题3:C
小题4:A
短文属于议论文。针对青少年吸烟这一严重的问题,作者剖析了原因及解决方案,并倡议全民行动起来,反对青少年吸烟。
小题1:细节理解题。第一段是个实例,为了引出后面的话题。因为后面就要谈这个普遍的问题。
小题2:主旨大意题。本文所谈的是青少年吸烟成为中国严重的问题。从第三段也可看出。
小题3:词义猜测题。通过上两句的叙述“They are used to seeing…smoking”可知,吸烟的成年人为孩子提供了“学吸烟”的环境,之后成为烟民。跟大人学吸烟最恰当的词是“模仿”。
小题4:推理判断题。从最后一段可知,针对青少年禁烟运动,作者提倡社会、政府、学校和家庭应共同承担责任。通过“not just to put…”可知在烟盒上放标语警示远远不够。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Wang Bing’s father began smoking when he was a freshman ( 大学一年级学生)in college. His friend passed him》这道题主要考你对 社会现象类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:社会现象类阅读

考点名称:社会现象类阅读
  • 社会现象类阅读:
    这类文章通过写人记事来揭示文章的主题,显示其社会意义,一般采用顺序或倒叙来叙述。
    题目经常是一些细节问题。考查的方面可以是原因和其中引发的思考。阅读这类文章要理清思路。
  • 描述社会现象英语:
    安居工程 housing project for low-income families
    安居小区 a neighborhood for low-income families
    保障妇女就业权利to guarantee women’s right to employment
    补发拖欠的离退休人员统筹项目内的养老金 All back pension entitlements have been paid for the retired covered by the overall government plan.
    裁定保险赔偿 adjudication of benefits
    城镇居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents
    城镇社会保障体系the social security system in urban areas
    城镇职工基本医疗保险制度the basic medical insurance system for urban employees
    大力推行个人助学信贷 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.
    待业人员 job seekers
    待遇优厚的工作 a well-paid job
    单亲家庭 single parent family
    定向培训 training for specific posts
    独生子女 the only child
    对保障方案进行精算评估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.
    对口扶贫 provide poverty alleviation aid to the designated sister regions
    福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization one works with
    岗位培训 on-job training
    个人自愿计划 voluntary private plans
    工伤保险制度the on-job injury insurance system
    工资收入分配制度the wage and income distribution system
    关系国计民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people’s livelihood
    关心和支持残疾人事业 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.
    关心老龄人 care for senior citizens.
    国企下岗职工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises
    过温饱生活 live a life at a subsistent level
    合理调整就业结构to rationally readjust the employment structure
    后勤服务社会化 make logistic services independent in their operation
    基本养老金basic pensions
    计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
    加快住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
    加强计划生育工作 further improve family planning
    加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
    家庭美德 family virtues
    建立集体合同制度to establish a group contract system
    建立市场导向的就业机制to establish a market-oriented employment mechanism
    建立新型的劳动关系to establish a new type of labor relations
    教育程度 educational status; education received

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