Wang Bing’s father began smoking when he was a freshman ( 大学一年级学生)in college. His friend passed him
|Wang Bing’s father began smoking when he was a freshman ( 大学一年级学生)in college. His friend passed him his first cigarette. He has now been smoking for more than 30 years.|
It’s a classic example of how young people are introduced to cigarettes, except that nowadays smokers develop their habit at an even younger age.
It has become a major concern(担忧) in China that many teenagers begin to smoke. A survey showed that 22.5% of the middle school students questioned had tried smoking and 15.8% of them smoked regularly.
For many teenagers, smoking is a symbol of being an adult, independence, maturity(成熟) and attractiveness because the images who they love best often smoke on screen.
The social environment also plays an important role in attracting teenagers to smoking. They are used to seeing their elders, especially male family members, smoking at home. Many of them imitate adult behavior and become new smokers.
To increase the price of cigarettes is an effective way to reduce the number of young smokers, as teenagers have limited money to spend on them.
Another way is to educate the teenagers to voluntarily refuse cigarettes. A survey shows that 92.5% of the students know smoking will be bad for their health. If we persuade them in a proper way, most of them may give up smoking.
All in all, the society, the government, the school and the family should join together to take the responsibility for an anti-smoking (禁烟) campaign aimed at teenagers, not just to put empty slogans and warnings on cigarette packs.
小题1:The writer uses the first paragraph to ______.
A. tell the readers a story of a smoker
B. introduce the topic of the passage
C. introduce the college life of Wang Bing’s father.
小题2:What’s the main idea of this passage?
小题3:词义猜测题。通过上两句的叙述“They are used to seeing…smoking”可知，吸烟的成年人为孩子提供了“学吸烟”的环境，之后成为烟民。跟大人学吸烟最恰当的词是“模仿”。
小题4:推理判断题。从最后一段可知，针对青少年禁烟运动，作者提倡社会、政府、学校和家庭应共同承担责任。通过“not just to put…”可知在烟盒上放标语警示远远不够。
知名教师分析，《Wang Bing’s father began smoking when he was a freshman ( 大学一年级学生)in college. His friend passed him》这道题主要考你对 社会现象类阅读 等知识点的理解。
安居工程 housing project for low-income families
安居小区 a neighborhood for low-income families
保障妇女就业权利to guarantee women’s right to employment
补发拖欠的离退休人员统筹项目内的养老金 All back pension entitlements have been paid for the retired covered by the overall government plan.
裁定保险赔偿 adjudication of benefits
城镇居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents
城镇社会保障体系the social security system in urban areas
城镇职工基本医疗保险制度the basic medical insurance system for urban employees
大力推行个人助学信贷 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.
待业人员 job seekers
待遇优厚的工作 a well-paid job
单亲家庭 single parent family
定向培训 training for specific posts
独生子女 the only child
对保障方案进行精算评估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.
对口扶贫 provide poverty alleviation aid to the designated sister regions
福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization one works with
岗位培训 on-job training
个人自愿计划 voluntary private plans
工伤保险制度the on-job injury insurance system
工资收入分配制度the wage and income distribution system
关系国计民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people’s livelihood
关心和支持残疾人事业 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.
关心老龄人 care for senior citizens.
国企下岗职工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises
过温饱生活 live a life at a subsistent level
合理调整就业结构to rationally readjust the employment structure
后勤服务社会化 make logistic services independent in their operation
计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
加快住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
加强计划生育工作 further improve family planning
加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
家庭美德 family virtues
建立集体合同制度to establish a group contract system
建立市场导向的就业机制to establish a market-oriented employment mechanism
建立新型的劳动关系to establish a new type of labor relations
教育程度 educational status; education received