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Stamp-collecting didn’t begin until 1854. As time went by, there were more and more kinds of stamps.

一、题文

Stamp-collecting didn’t begin until 1854. As time went by, there were more and more kinds of stamps. They were very beautiful and interesting. And there were more and more stamps collectors. Not only children but also adults collected stamps.
In 1921, America began selling all kinds of stamps to the collectors. In some countries, there were even lessons in stamp-colleting in school. People all over the word were becoming more and more interested in stamps.
There are many wonderful pictures on the stamps. Each picture has a meaning in it. It may be the head of a great leader , a famous scientist, a writer ,a  beautiful bird, or interesting place. Every stamp tells us a story.
根据短文内容,判断正A 误B。
小题1:Stamp-collecting begin in 1854.
小题2:Only children liked collecting stamps.
小题3:In some countries, people could have lessons in stamp-collecting in school.
小题4:As time went by, fewer and fewer people were interested in stamps.
小题5:We can learn a lot from all kinds of stamps.

考点提示:社会现象类阅读

二、答案


小题1:A
小题2:B
小题3:A
小题4:B
小题5:A

试题分析:这篇文章讲述了集邮的起源和发展,随着时间的推移,有着越来越多的集邮爱好者,每一张邮票都有它自己的故事。
小题1:细节题。根据文章Stamp-collecting didn’t begin until 1854.可知,集邮开始于1854年。故本题正确。
小题2:细节题。根据文章Not only children but also adults collected stamps.可知,不仅是孩子们集邮,也有很多成人集邮者。故本题错误。
小题3:细节题。根据文章In some countries, there were even lessons in stamp-colleting in school.可知,在一些国家,学校里甚至有集邮课。故本题正确。
小题4:细节题。根据文章People all over the word were becoming more and more interested in stamps.
可知,随着时间的推移,有着越来越多的人对邮票感兴趣。故本题错误。
小题5:细节题。根据文章Every stamp tells us a story.可知,每个邮票都有一个故事,所以,我们能从邮票中学到很多。故本题正确。
点评:判断题也是中考必考的题型。此类题型重在文章段意的理解和题目中所陈述的事是否与文章意思相同,在解答此类题时,要抓住题目中所陈述的事实关键字在文段中找相对应的地方,仔细的辨别理解句意是关键,看懂后,一般问题都不大。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Stamp-collecting didn’t begin until 1854. As time went by, there were more and more kinds of stamps.》这道题主要考你对 社会现象类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:社会现象类阅读

考点名称:社会现象类阅读
  • 社会现象类阅读:
    这类文章通过写人记事来揭示文章的主题,显示其社会意义,一般采用顺序或倒叙来叙述。
    题目经常是一些细节问题。考查的方面可以是原因和其中引发的思考。阅读这类文章要理清思路。
  • 描述社会现象英语:
    安居工程 housing project for low-income families
    安居小区 a neighborhood for low-income families
    保障妇女就业权利to guarantee women’s right to employment
    补发拖欠的离退休人员统筹项目内的养老金 All back pension entitlements have been paid for the retired covered by the overall government plan.
    裁定保险赔偿 adjudication of benefits
    城镇居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents
    城镇社会保障体系the social security system in urban areas
    城镇职工基本医疗保险制度the basic medical insurance system for urban employees
    大力推行个人助学信贷 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.
    待业人员 job seekers
    待遇优厚的工作 a well-paid job
    单亲家庭 single parent family
    定向培训 training for specific posts
    独生子女 the only child
    对保障方案进行精算评估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.
    对口扶贫 provide poverty alleviation aid to the designated sister regions
    福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization one works with
    岗位培训 on-job training
    个人自愿计划 voluntary private plans
    工伤保险制度the on-job injury insurance system
    工资收入分配制度the wage and income distribution system
    关系国计民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people’s livelihood
    关心和支持残疾人事业 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.
    关心老龄人 care for senior citizens.
    国企下岗职工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises
    过温饱生活 live a life at a subsistent level
    合理调整就业结构to rationally readjust the employment structure
    后勤服务社会化 make logistic services independent in their operation
    基本养老金basic pensions
    计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
    加快住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
    加强计划生育工作 further improve family planning
    加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
    家庭美德 family virtues
    建立集体合同制度to establish a group contract system
    建立市场导向的就业机制to establish a market-oriented employment mechanism
    建立新型的劳动关系to establish a new type of labor relations
    教育程度 educational status; education received

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