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选词填空。1.Idon'tlike ___________ (draw,todraw)pictures.2.Wearethe ___________ (same,different).3.I

一、题文

选词填空。
1. I don't like ___________ (draw, to draw) pictures.     
2. We are the ___________ (same, different).      
3. I don't like it, ___________ (too, either).   
4. ___________ your favourite colour? (What, What's)     
5. What's ___________ (of, for) lunch?

考点提示:动词不定式,单词、词组,系动词

二、答案

1. to draw  2. same  3. either  4. What's  5. for

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《选词填空。1.Idon'tlike ___________ (draw,todraw)pictures.2.Wearethe ___________ (same,different).3.I》这道题主要考你对 动词不定式单词、词组系动词 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:动词不定式,单词、词组,系动词

考点名称:动词不定式
  • 不定式定义:
    由to+动词原形构成。不定式是一种非限定性动词。而非限定动词是指那些在句中不能单独充当谓语的动词,可分为不定式,动名词,现在分词和过去分词。
    “动词不定式”由动词+不定式构成。动词不定式在句中可以作句子除谓语之外的任何句子成分。动词不定式的被动形式除了一般形式外还有其完成式和进行式。
    常见的有:like / love,want,need,ask,help等。
    例:I like to play with Tom. 我喜欢和汤姆玩。 
            I want to play with Tom. 我想和汤姆玩。 
            I like to eat dumplings. 我喜欢吃饺子。
  • 动词不定式一般结构:
    疑问词who,what,which,when,where,whether,how后可接不定式构成不定式短语,在句中作主语、宾语、表 语等。如:
    ①When to leave for London has not been decided yet. (不定式在句子中做主语)
    ②Mr. Smith didn't know whether to leave or stay there. (不定式在句子中做宾语)
    ③I asked Professor Xu how to learn English well. (不定式在句子中做直接宾语)
    ④The question was where to get the medicine needed. (不定式在句子中表语)
    以上例句中疑问词+不定式部分,均可转换为相应的从句形式。如:
    ①When we shall leave…
    ③…how I could learn…
    经常在这种结构中使用的动词有:
    consider,decide,discover,explain,find out,forget,hear,know,lea rn,observe,understand,wonder等。
  • 动名词与不定式的区别:
    1 动名词与不定式的区别:
    动名词表达的是:状态,性质,心境,抽象,经常性,已发生的 
    不定式表达的是:目的,结果,原因,具体,一次性,将发生的

    2 接不定式或动名词,意义相同。

    3在下列情况下,一般要用不定式:
    ①hate,like,love前有would(should)时,
    如:I'd like to have a cup of coffee.
    ②当谓语动词begin,continue,start等是进行式时,
    如:Thestudents are starting to work on the di fficult maths problem.
    ③begin,continue,start与know,understand等状态动词连用时,
    如:I soon began to understand what was happening.
    ④.advise,allow,encourage,forbid,permit等动词后接动名词作宾语,或带不定式作宾语补足语。如:
    Our teachers don't permit our/us swimming in the lake.
    Our teachers don't permit us to swim in the lake.

    4 部分动词后接不定式或动名词时,意义差别较大,应根据句子语境选择使用。
    forget,remember,regret后接不定式,表示现在或未来的动作,接动名词表示动作已经发生。如:
    Don't forget to post the letter for me.
    Have you forgotten meeting her in Beijing Airport?
    Remember to close the windows before you leave.
    I remember writing him a letter a year ago.
    We regret to tell you that all of you are not invited toattend the meeting.
    They regretted ordering these books from abroad.
  • 省to的动词不定式:
    (1)情态动词( 除ought 外,ought to意思是“应该”,是情态动词,只有一种形式,后边接动词不定式,to不能省略。
    ought to没有人称和数的变化,后接动词原形可以表示现在、将来或过去将来,由时间状语或上下文决定。例如:
    They ought to come tomorrow.他们明天应当来):
    (2)使役动词 let,have,make:
    (3)感官动词see,watch,look at,notice,observe,hear,listen to,smell,feel,find 等后作宾补,省略to。
    注意:在被动语态中则to 不能省掉。
    在使役动词中get除外(get sb. to do sth.)
    I saw him dance.
    =He was seen to dance.
    The boss made them work the whole night.
    =They were made to work the whole night.
    (4)表示个人意愿或倾向的would rather,had better,might(just) as well:rather than置于句首时。
    Rather than ride on a crowded bus,he always prefers to ride a bike.
    (5)Why… / why not…:
    (6)help 可带to,也可不带to,help sb (to) do sth:
    (7)but和except:but前是动词do时,后面出现的动词用不带to的动词不定式。
    (8)由and,or和than连接的两个不定式,第二个to 可以省去:
    (9)通常在discover,imagine,suppose,think,understand等词后,可以省去to be:
    He is supposed (to be) nice. 他应该是个好人。
    (10)but作介词,后接不定式结构时,前面谓语动词部分若含有do的形式时,but后的不定式要省去to,否则要带to。
    He wants to do nothing but go out.
    He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine.
    (11)当两个或多个不定时短语由连词and,but或or连接时,后一个或几个不定式符号to常省略。但若表示对比、对照关系时,则不能省略。
    He wants to move to France and marry the girl.
    The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier,not to make it more difficult.
    (12)不定式做表语时,一般要带to,但若主语部分中含有do的各种形式时,符号to可省去。
    We've missed the last bus.All we could do now is walk home.
考点名称:单词、词组
  • 主要是对单词、词组的一些理解掌握,集中出现的题型有:找出不同类的单词、判断正误、单词词组的英汉互译等。
  • 小学英语单词记忆法:
    在小学英语教学中,记忆单词是学生学习的最大障碍,尤其是低年级的学生,刚刚接触英语,死记硬背下来的方法既吃力,又很容易遗忘,掌握英语单词量的多少,直接影响着学习效果。
    一、拼音式记忆法
    如:数字“十”ten,可以让学生联想成ten的拼音发音。男人们“men”汉语拼音便是men……

    二、谐音记忆法
    1.单词读音谐音法
    可能老师们都已经发现,刚接触英语的小学生会在你教的单词下面写上相应的汉语“谐音”(和汉语相仿的读音)大部分老师会阻止孩子们这样的行为,但我不认为这是错误的,我会根据他们的思路继续引导,在谐音的基础上画图、联想,三者结合,这样对单词的记忆就非常深刻,如:apple单词的汉语谐音是“阿婆”画图“一个阿婆手里拿着一个苹果”联想,看到图画联想到apple的读音,汉意。
    2.字母音与汉字音相结合谐音记忆法
    如讲述颜色单词红色red时,我会让学生记住一句话,阿姨地里的苹果红了……这一句话,不仅让学生加深了三个字母r,e,d的粗读,还记住了这个单词的顺序,同时又记住了这个单词的汉意“红色”,这样一句话,可谓一石三鸟,在实际的教学中收到了良好的效果……

    三、形近串连记忆法
    如tea茶叶,eat吃,teacher教师,meat肉,这些单词形近,于是我会让学生说,老师吃茶吃肉,这样一句话,让学生一下子便记住了四个单词。Purple people紫色的人们,
    monday moon monkey星期一,月儿升,照猴子……

    四、字母谐音及外形和故事结合记忆法
    单词eleven “十一”很多同学记忆吃力,即便是当时记住了,可是很短时间又忘了,于是我便用这样一个办法来让学生牢牢记在了脑海里啊,不客气地说……这种方法想让学生想忘记都难呢,我是这样讲的:三个阿姨(e)走娘家,(她的娘家门牌号是11.)想知道三个阿姨带什么礼物给她们的娘吗?学生们此时齐呼,想……,于是,我接着说,她们的礼物可有意思啊,第一个阿姨带去了一把勾子(l这个字母形状像勾),第二个阿姨呢,竟带去了一把剪刀(v像剪刀),第三个阿姨特别有意思,把自己的大门扛了去……想必是娘家的大门坏了……要女儿去换哩……学生们听了后哈哈大笑……,我于是说,现在同学们把这个单词默写出来吧……,孩子们不过几秒钟,竟准确无误地连续写了好几遍……

    五、循环记忆法
    这种方法是一个传统的记忆方法,也是来是们使用的做多的方法,人的大脑有一个特点,对某个信息反复刺激才能记住,例如,三年级的学生我每天规定记忆的词汇量是五个单词,第二天记忆十个其中包括第一天的五个,第三天背十五个其中包括前两天的,照这样累计,这种方法也许对于孩子来说是枯燥无味的,但每个单词却都对大脑刺激无数次,从而记得比较牢。

    六、浏览记忆法
    所谓浏览就是将你要记忆的单词看一遍,但必须每天坚持看,时间不宜过长,一般控制在一小时以内,经过多次的浏览,单词汇很轻松的在脑海里留下印象。

    七、同音记忆法
    如 two,to,too(二,到,也) 、 write和right(写,正确 )、 see,sea(看,海)、meet和meat(碰见,肉)……

    总之,记忆单词的方法很多,人们可以根据自己的习惯和文化背景进行记忆,每天背诵单词的时间和数量要根据俄自己的具体情况决定,背诵要选择一天中头脑最清晰、精力最充沛的时候进行。此外,记住单词虽然可以采取好的方法进行记忆,但背单词的三大宗旨不能忘:
    1、贵在坚持;
    2、遵循人的记忆规律,并根据艾滨浩斯遗忘规律,循环复习比一次性记忆有效。
    3、背诵的词汇只有真正运用到听、说、读、写各方面才能将英语运用自如
  • 小学单词汇总:
    学习用品
    pen pencil pencil-case ruler book bag comic book post card newspaper schoolbag eraser crayon sharpener story-book notebook magazine
    人体
    foot head face hair nose mouth eye ear arm finger leg tail
    动物
    cat dog pig duck rabbit horse elephant ant kangaroo monkey fish bird panda bear lion tiger sheep goat cow donkey
    人物
    friend boy girl mother father sister brother uncle man woman Mr Miss lady mom mother dad father parents
    grandparents grandpa grandma aunt cousin son classmate principal university student pen pal pal people
    职业
    teacher student doctor nurse   driver   farmer   singer  writer  actor   actress   artist   TV reporter   engineer  
    accountant  policeman salesperson cleaner baseball player assistant policeman
    颜色
    red blue yellow green white black pink purple orange brown]
    食品
    rice bread beef milk water egg fish tofu cake hot dog hamburger noodles meat
    chicken pork mutton vegetable soup ice-cream Coke juice tea coffee (breakfast lunch dinner)
    水果,蔬菜
    apple banana pear orange watermelon grape eggplant green beans tomato potato peach cucumber strawberry onion carrot cabbage
    衣服
    jacket shirt T-shirt skirt dress jeans pants socks shoes sweater coat shorts sneakers slippers sandals boots hat
    交通工具
    bike bus train boat ship car taxi yacht taxi jeep van plane subway motor cycle
    杂物
    window door desk chair computer board fan light teacher's desk picture wall floor curtain trash bin closet mirror end table
    football present lamp phone sofa shelf fridge table air-conditioner photo plate knife fork spoon ball kite box violin e-card e-mail traffic light money medicine
    地点
    home room bedroom bathroom living room kitchen classroom school park library post office hospital cinema bookstore
    farm zoo garden study playground canteen teacher's office gym washroom art room company factory fruit stand pet shop nature park theme park bank village city
    国家
    China/PRC America/USA England Canada/CAN
    天气
    cold warm cool snowy sunny hot rainy windy cloudy weather reporter
    景物
    river lake stream forest path raod house bridge building rain cloud sun mountain sky
    植物
    flower grass tree seed sprout plant leaf
    星期
    day Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday weekend
    月份
    month January February March April May June July August September October November December year
    季节
    spring summer fall(autumn) winter
    方位
    south north east west left right
    患病
    have a fever hurt have a cold have toothache have a headache have a sore throat
    数词
    One two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen
    twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety first second third fourth fifth eighth ninth twelfth twentieth
    形容词
    big small long tall short young old strong thin active quiet nice kind strict smart funny tasty sweet salty sour fresh favourite
    clean tired excited angry happy bored sad fine great heavy new fat happy right little lovely beautiful colourful pretty cheap expensive sick better
    介词
    in on under near behind next to over in front to from to for
    代词
    I me my we us our you your he him his she her it its they them their
    动词
    Play swim skate fly jump walk run climb fight swing eat like have turn buy take live teach go study learn sing dance row do homework watch TV read books cook the meals water the flowers sweep the floor clean the bedroom make the bed set the table wash the clothes do the dishes use a computer do morning exercises eat breakfast eat dinner go to school have English class play sports get up climb mountains go shopping play the piano visit grandparents go hiking fly kites make a snowman plant trees draw pictures cook dinner read a book answer the phone listen to music clean the room write a letter write an e-mail drink water take pictures watch insects pick up leaves do an experiment catch butterflies count insects collect insect collect leaves write a report play chess have a picnic get to ride a bike play the violin make kites collect stamps meet welcome thank work look help pass show use clean open close stop wait drive send feel become think wear put on go home go to bed play computer games do housework empty the trash put away the clothes get off(on) take a trip go on a trip read a magazine go to the cinema
    疑问词
    what(什么) what colour(什么颜色) what time(几点)
    what day(星期几) how(怎样)how old(年龄多大,几岁)
    how many(多少) how much (多少钱) how tall (多高)
    how heavy(多重) how long(多长) how big(多大) how large(面积多大) who(谁) when(什么时候)
    whose (谁的) where(在哪里) why(为什么)
    which(哪一个)
    be动词
    am is are was were
    助动词:do does did
    情态动词
    can should would will
考点名称:系动词
  • 系动词:
    亦称连系动词,作为系动词,它本身有词义,但不能单独用作谓语,后边必须跟表语,亦称补语(形容词),构成系表结构说明主语的状况、性质、特征等情况。
    be(是)是最基本的系动词。小学涉及到的系动词需要掌握的am, is, are 
    如:I am from Beijing. 我来自北京。 
    My mother is a teacher. 我的妈妈是一位老师。 
    除了系动词be,常用的系动词还有look(看起来)、sound(听起来)、feel(感觉到)、become(变成)、smell(闻起来)等。
    例:The boy looks very happy. 这个男孩看起来很高兴。 
            The dish smells good. 这盘菜闻起来很香。
  • be动词意思和用法:
    一般的意思是:
    是,此种用法,有多种变化形式,
    isamarewaswerebeingbeento be.
    另外,be动词还有成为的意思。
    根据句子中不同的人称、数和时态,应该选择相应的
    be动词。<?xml:namespace prefix = "o" ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

    要看句语的时态:

    如果是一般过去时,就用was/were

    如果是一般现在时,就用am/is/are

    如果是一般将来时,就用will be

    然后看主语的人称及复数形式:

    一般过去时:

    第一人称和第三人称的单数形式,则用was

    第一人称和第二人称、第三人称的复数,则用were

    一般现在时:

    第一人称单数形式,用am

    第三人称单数形式,用is

    第一人称复数、第二人称、第三人称的复数形式,则用are

    一般将来时:

    will be

    一般时态有关be动词的口诀:

    我用am,你用areis连接他//它,复数形式就用are

     

    be动词的用法:
    现在时 I am, you are, he is, we are, you are, they are
    (缩略式 I'm, you're, he's, we're, you're, they're),
    (否定缩略式 I'm not, isn't, aren't),
    过去时 I was, you were, he was, we were, you were, they were
    (过去时否定缩略式 wasn't, weren't),
    过去分词been,现在分词being
    英语的“be”是个特殊动词;有些语言,如马来文等,并没有“be”这样的动词。
    “Be”除了原形的“be”之外,还有另外七种形式:
    am, is, are, been, being, was, were.
    在句子中,“be”可以是主动词(The Principal Verb)或助动词(The Auxiliary Verb)

  • 系动词Be(am, is, are )的用法:
    一、口诀:
    我用am,你用are,is连着他,她,它;
    单数名词用is,复数名词全用are;
    变疑问,往前提,句末问号某丢弃;
    变否定,更容易,be后莫忘记;
    疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑。

    二、Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:
    1、am和is在一般过去时中变为was;
    2、are在一般过去时中变为were
    3、带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和am is are一样,即否定句在was或were后加 not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

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