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短文填词。 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在右边相对应的横线上。所填单词要求

一、题文

短文填词。
     阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,
在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在右边相对应的横线上。
所填单词要求意义准确,
拼写正确。
N    1   , woman are playing a much more important part
in society. They are working as  2   (会计), scientists
and even leaders. We have to admit the fact that
almost all jobs  3   used to be done by men are done 
perfectly well today by women. Women are no longer
l   4  down upon in society. With these changes in 
their  5   (社会的) role, women's position in the family has
been improved as well. It is hard to find the wife
is busy while the husband is sitting in an armchair, w   6   
TV. In spite of all these
changes, a great number of men still guard their rights.
They hope that women still depend   7   them. They get annoyed 
  8    their wives have higher salaries. What's worse, women
are not allowed to a   9    important meetings. This is the 
problem we should try to s  10   now.

考点提示:单词、词组,关系代词,现在分词,过去分词

二、答案

1. Nowadays 2. accountants 3. that 4. looked 5. social
6. watching 7. on 8. if 9. attend 10. solve

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《短文填词。 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在右边相对应的横线上。所填单词要求》这道题主要考你对 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:单词、词组,关系代词,现在分词,过去分词

考点名称:单词、词组
  • 单词和短语

    由两个以上的词组成的,没有完整的句子结构,但又有一定的语法和逻辑关系的词的组合就是短语或词组。短语又包括固定短语,和自由短语。
    比如说,put off (推迟),look up(查阅,查字典)have a heavy heart(心情沉重)…我们都习惯称为短语或词组(phrase)。put off是由一个动词和介词组成的,但他在句子中充当一个动词的作用,也就是说在这个词组中,put 是词头(head of the phrase) 所以它是动词词组,或动词短语。

  • 题型特点:

    对于英语学习来说,词汇是基础,掌握并灵活运用英语单词对学好英语至关重要,它会直接影响到我们的听、说、读、写能力。从高考单词拼写试题来看,单词拼写把单词放在句中考查,不仅是单词拼写,而且还要考查单词的形式,即将单词的写与用结合起来。这一点主要是要求学生对词汇的应用要有所掌握,体现了学以致用,从而根据语境选用适当的词。因此,答题时必须认真阅读全句,弄懂句意,在理解的基础上考虑选用适当的词汇。所考词汇多为多音节词,多数单词均有不同的变化形式,一般不少于4个字母。

    题型种类:

    1、句子中被考查的单词突出,画横线,横线标有该单词的首字母,要求学生写出该单词的正确形式。
    2、句子中被考查的单词突出,画横线,横线后的括号内注有汉语,要求学生写出该单词的正确形式。

     

  • 例题解析:

    (一)读懂句意,确定单词。
    例如:The f____day of the week is Sunday. 该句意为“一周的第一天是星期天”,需要填的词的首字母是“f”,根据常识和序数词有关知识应填“第一”,故填 first。此类题还可考月份。
    例如::September is the n ____ month of the year (答案:ninth)

    (二)瞻前顾后,确定形式写出单词后,还要注意分析该单词是否需要变化形式。现分类说明如下:
    1、名词一般考虑单、复数和所有格。
    例1:Do you like white?We have shirts of different c____. 根据句意,可确定单词为“color”,通过前面的shirts和different两词可确定此处应用colors。
    例2:September10 this T____Day. 根据句意,确定单词“Teacher”,它与Day之间存在所有格关系,将Teacher变为复数,再变为所有格,应填Teachers'。
    2、形容调和副词这两类词学生极易混淆,做题时应仔细分析,慎重选择究竟用哪类词,有时还要考虑到形容词和副词“级”的变化。
    例1:He was very a____with the man upstairs and began to shout, "Stop singing!" 根据句意,此处应填形容词原级angry。
    例2:On Sundays, Children play h____in the park. 此处应填副词happily,副词修饰动词。
    3、动词动词变化形式较为复杂,一般有五种:动词原形、第三人称单数形式、现在分词,过去式和过去分词。可综合考查学生运用英语知识的能力。
    例1:Thank you very much for l____me your bike. 介词后动词用-ing形式,故填lending。
    例2:When he was ten, he became i____in maths. become interested in 为固定词组,意为“对……感兴趣”,故此处应填interested。
    4、数词注意确定用基数词还是序数词。
    例1:There are t____months in a year. 此处应用基数词twelve。
    例2:December is the t____month of the year. 此处应填序数词twelfth。
    5、代词主要从人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、不定代词和疑问代词几方面考虑,有时还要考虑用单数还是用复数。
    例1:Help y____to some fish, Jim. 根据句意,此处应用yourself.
    例2:"Help y____to some fish, please." Mrs Green said to the twins. 根据句意,thetwins为复数,故填yourselves。
    6、连词若前后两个词或句子存在转折、因果、并列、选择等关系,一般应填连词。
    例1:She didn't go to school yesterday b____she was il1. 从句和主句互为因果关系,故填because。
    例2:The football match still went on t____it was raining heavily. 该从句为让步状语从句,故应填though。

  • 解题技巧:

    以下是解单词拼写的基本程序:首先要仔细审题,明确大意。在句子缺词的情况下,尽量弄懂句子大意并根据已给出的语境,判断出所缺的单词,试将该单词放入句子当中,看是否能使句子完整,句意明确。注意词性,写出词形。在解题过程中,要特别注意根据句子中所缺成分,判断所缺单词的词类。
    1、名词,就要注意单复数;
    2、动词,就要注意主谓一致、时态和语态的一致性;
    3、形容词和副词,就要注意形容词和副词之间的转化规则;
    4、词组和短语,就要注意固定搭配。
    重读句子,验证答案。完成拼写后,要把句子重读一遍,检查句子是否通顺,单词拼写是否准确无误,单词形式是否正确,如名词的数、格,动词的时态、语态、语气和非谓语形式,形容词、副词的级等。这一步很重要,因为差之毫厘,谬以千里。总而言之,高考单词拼写题既考查学生的词汇量,又考查学生在特定的语境中灵活运用词汇的综合应变能力。要想提高得分率,绝非一日之功。正如谚语所说:“Rome was not built in one day”。所以,考生应该以命题特点为指导,在平时的复习中运用构词法知识多读、多记、多练,并增强语感,辅以行之有效的解题方法,才能熟练掌握,灵活运用,避免出错。

  • 题型拓展:

    1、单纯的翻译题,考查考生对单词的记忆。
    例句:The little girl is wearing a____ (粉红色的)dress. (正确答案:pink)
    2、根据语境要求,填入所写单词的适当形式。
    例句:The story was first written in English and later____ (翻译) into Chinese.(正确答案:translated)
    3、从词在拼写上有可能存在的“盲点”(相对难写、难记)考虑命题。
    例句:The book gives a short ____(描述) of the city.(正确答案:description)
    4、在有可能出现多个近似答案的情况下,对词的用法进行甄别。
    例句:Very few people ____(成功) in losing weight these days.(正确答案:succeed)
    5、从词在用法上有可能存在的“盲点”(相对少见的用法,在一般规律中考查特殊)考虑命题。
    例句:All the boys were standing up ____(笔直). (正确答案:straight)
    6、侧重选择多音节词汇(构成各单词的字母数一般都超过了7个)命题,考查考生对多音节词汇的把握程度。
    例句:One of ____ (邻居) kept a very beautiful garden. (正确答案:neighbours或neighbors)
    7、侧重选择词义较为生僻或使用率偏低的词汇命题,考查考生对单词拼写记忆的广泛程度。
    例句:He turned on the television set hanging from the____ (天花板). (正确答案:ceiling)
    8、侧重从词音与词形不相吻合的部分命题(包括不发音字母),考查考生对单词拼写记忆的准确程度。
    例句:I usually just have a____ (三明治) for lunch. (正确答案:sandwich)
    9、能根据语境的要求,将所给的中文提示(该提示给人以名词或动词的假象)转译成正确的英语表现形式。
    例句:I changed into my sports shoes so that I could walk more____(舒服). (正确答案:comfortably)
    10、对近义词不同搭配用法的一般常识,在有可能出现多个答案的情况下,对词的用法进行反复推敲,考生应对最常用词汇的易混易错现象给予注意。
    例句:A fence at the back of garden (分开) us from the neighbours.(正确答案:separates或separated)
考点名称:关系代词
  • 关系代词的概念:

    英语中的关系代词有who, whom, whose, that, which, 它们是用来引导定语从句的。关系代词既代表定语从句所修饰的词,又在其所引导的从句中承担一个成分,如主语、宾语、表语、或定语。
    如:This is the man who saved your son. (who在从句中作主语,先行词是man) 
            The man whom I met yesterday is Jim.
            A child whose parents are dead is an orphan.
            He wants a room whose window looks out over the sea.

  • 关系代词用法:

    1、that与which的用法区别:
          两者都可指物,常可互换。其区别主要在于:
    (1)引导非限制性定语从句时,通常要用which:
    如:She received an invitation from her boss, which came as a surprise. 她收到了老板的邀请,这是她意想不到的。
    (2)直接放在介词后作宾语时,通常要用which:
    如:The tool with which he is working is called a hammer. 他干活用的那个工具叫做锤子。
    (3)当先行词是下列不定代词或被它们修饰时much, little, none, all, few, every(thing), any(thing), no(thing)等时,通常用that:
    如:There was little that the enemy could do but surrender. 敌人无法,只有投降了。
            All[Everything] that can be done must be done. 凡能做的事都必须做。
    (4)当先行词有the very, the only, the same等修饰时,通常用that:
    如:This is the only example that I know. 我知道的例子只有这一个。
            Those are the very words that he used. 那是他的原话。
    (5)当先行词有形容词最高级或序数词(包括last, next等)等修饰时,通常用that:
    如:This is the best dictionary that I've ever used. 这是我用过的最好的词典。
            The first thing that you should do is to work out a plan. 你应该做的第一件事是订个计划。 
    (6)当关系代词在定语从句中用作表语时,通常用that:
    如:China is not the country(that) it was. 中国已不是过去的中国了。
    (7)当先行词是一个既指人又指物的并列词组时,通常用that:
    如:They talked about the persons and things that most impressed them. 他们谈论了使他们印象最深的人和事。
    (8)当要避免重复时:
    如:Which is the course that we are to take? 我们选哪门课程?

    2、that与who的用法区别:

    (1)两者均可指人,有时可互换:
    如:All that[who] heard him were delighted. 所有听了他讲话的人都很高兴。    
            Have you met anybody that[who] has been to Paris? 你遇见过到过巴黎的人吗?
            He is the only one among us that[who] knows Russian. 他是我们中间唯一懂俄语的人。
    (2)但是在下列情况,通常要用that: 
       ①当先行词是一个既指人又指物的并列词组时: 
    如:I made a speech on the men and things that I had seen abroad. 我就我在国外所见到的人和事作了报告。
       ②当先行词是who时(为避免重复):
    如:Who was it that won the World Cup in1982? 谁赢得了1982年的世界杯?
       ③当关系代词在定语从句中作表语时(可省略):
    如:Tom is not the boy(that) he was. 汤姆这孩子已不是以前那个样子了。

  • 关系代词知识体系:

     

  • 关系代词用法拓展:

    1、as与which的用法区别
    (1)引导限制性定语从句时,在such,as,thesame后只能用as,其他情况用which:
    如:I never heard such stories as he tells. 我从未听过他讲那样的故事。
            It's the same story as I heard yesterday. 这故事跟我昨天听到的一样。
            This is the photo which shows my house. 这张照片拍的是我的住宅。
    (2)引导非限制性定语从句时,有时两者可互换:
    如:I live a long way from work, as [which] you know. 我住得离工作单位很远,这你是知道的。
    (3)但在,在以下情况引导非限制性定语从句时,两者不可换用:
    ①当从句位于主句前面时,只用as:
    如:As is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. 月球每月绕地球转一周,这是每个人都清楚的。
    ②as引导的非限制性定语从句应与主句在意义上和谐一致,which无此限制:
    如:He went abroad, as[which] was expected. 他出国了,这是大家预料到的。
            He went abroad, which was unexpected. 他出国了,这让大家感到很意外。(不用as)
    ③as引导非限制性定语从句时,先行词通常不能是主句中某个具体的词,而应是整个句子、整个短语或某个短语推断出来的概念,而which则无此限制:
    如:The river, which flows through London, is called the Thames. 这条流经伦敦的河叫泰晤士河。(不用as)
    ④当as引导非限制性定语从句作主语时,其谓语通常应是连系动词,而不宜是其他动词,而which则无此限制:
    如:She has married again, as[which] seemed natural. 她又结婚了,这似乎很自常。
            She has married again, which delighted us.她又结婚了,这使我们很高兴。(不用as)

    2、who与whom的用法区别:
    两者均只用于人,从理论上说,who为主格,whom为宾格:
    如:Where's the girl who sells the tickets? 卖票的女孩在哪里?
            The author whom you criticized in your view has written a letter in reply. 你在评论中批评的那个作者已写了一封回信。
    但实际上,除非在正式文体中,宾格关系代词whom往往省略不用,或用who或that代之:
    如:The man(that, who, whom) you met just now is called Jim. 你刚遇见的那个人叫吉姆。
    不过,在以下几种情况值得注意:
    (1)直接跟在介词后面作宾语时,只能用whom,而且不能省略:
    如:She brought with her three friends, none of whom I had ever met before. 她带了3个朋友来,我以前都没见过。
    (2)引导非限制性定语从句且作宾语时,who和whom均可用,但以用whom为佳,此时也不能省略:
    如:This is Jack, who[whom] you haven't met before. 这是杰克,你以前没见过。

考点名称:现在分词
  • 现在分词的概念:

    现在分词(PresentParticiple)(又称-ing形式),是分词的一种,是非限定动词,即在句子里面不能单独充当谓语,但能充当其它的一些成分(定语,表语,补语和状语)。一般式:doing;一般被动式:being done;完成式:having done;完成被动式:having been done。所有否定式都是在-ing前面加not。

  • 现在分词的用法:

    1)做表语:
    如:He was very amusing.
            That book was rather boring.
    很多动词的现在分词都可以作表语:exciting, interesting, encouraging, disappointing, confusing, touching, puzzling.
    2)作定语:
    上面所出现的现在分词都可以用作定语,修饰一个名词:
    如:That must have been a terrifying experience.
            I found him a charming person.
    现在分词短语还可以放在名词的后面修饰名词,相当于一个定语从句:
    如:There are a few boys swimming in the river.
            There is a car waiting outside.
    3)作状语:
    现在分词短语可以表示一个同时发生的次要的或伴随的动作:
    如:Following Tom, we started to climb the mountain. 
            Opening the drawer, he took out a box.
            Taking a key out of his pocket, he opened the door.
    现在分词短语还可以表示原因,相当于一个原因状语从句:
    如:Not knowing her address, we couldn't get in touch with her.
            Being unemployed, he hasn't got much money.
    现在分词短语还可以表示时间,相当于一个时间状语从句:
    如:Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy.
            Returning home, he began to do his homework. 
            Jim hurt his arm while playing tennis.
            Be careful when crossing the road.
            Having found a hotel, we looked for some where to have dinner.
            Having finished her work, she went home.
    4)作宾补:
    现在分词在一些动词之后可以做宾语的补语:
    例如:see, hear, catch, find, keep, have等。
    如:I see him passing my house every day.
            I caught him stealing things in that shop.
            I smelt something burning.
            She kept him working all day.

  • 现在分词其他用法解析:

    1、现在分词一般式的用法:
    现在分词的一般式所表示的动作与主语动作同时发生:
    如:When we arrived, we found him sleeping. 我们到达时发现他在睡觉。
             Living in the 示的动作也可略早于或迟于谓语动作,但两者之间没有时间间隔:
    如:Seeing nobody at home, he decided to leave a note. 发现没有在家,他决定留个字条。 
             He went home, finding the door locked. 他回到家,发现门是锁着的。当现在分词所表示的动作略迟于谓语动作时,现在分词通常位于句末。

    2、现在分词完成式的用法:
    现在分词的完成式主要表示发生在谓语动作之前的动作:
    如:Having been there once, she knew the place quite well. 由于去过那儿一次,她对那地方很熟悉。
            Having failed twice, he didn't want to try again. 他已经失败了两次,不想再试了。
    注:(1)现在分词的一般式和完成式均可表示已完成或先于谓语的动作,但有区别:现在分词所表示的动作虽然可以先于谓语动作,但两者之间没有时间间隔,而现在分词的完成式所表示先于谓语的动作则与谓语动作有一定的时间间隔:
    如:Locking the door, he went out. 锁好门之后,他就出去了。
            Having invited him here to speak, we'd better go to his lecture. 既然我们请了他来作报告,我们最好去听一下。
    有时即使是分词动作与谓语动作几乎同时发生,但如果要强调分词动作的完成性,也应用现在分词的完成式:
    如:Having bought our tickets, we went into the theatre. 我们买好票后就走进剧场。
    (2)现在分词的完成式一般不用作定语:
    误:Do you know anyone having lost a cat? 你知道有谁丢了一只猫吗?
    误:I want to talk to the person having broken the window. 我想同打破窗户的人谈谈。
    若将以上现分词的完成式改为一般式也不可以(因为现在分词作后置定语时通常只表示与谓语动作同时或几乎同时发生的动作,而不能先于谓语动作而发生):
    误:I want to talk to the person breaking the window.

    3、现在分词被动式的用法:
    当要表示一个被动动作时,现在分词就用被动形式。现在分词的一般式和完成式均有被动式形式:
    (1)现在分词一般式的被动式:主要表示现在正在进行的动作,也可表示与谓语动作同时发生的动作:
    如:Who is the woman being operated on? 正在动手术的女人是谁?
             I saw him being taken away by the police. 我看见他被警察带走。
    :有时现在分词一般式的被动式所表示的动作也可发生在谓语动作之前(此时的现在分词通常用于表示原因,且多为状态动词):
    如:Not having a car, he finds it difficult to get around. 由于没车,她感到行动很困难。
    (2)现在分词完成式的被动式:主要表示发生在谓语动词之前且已经完成的动作。
    如:The subject having been opened, he had to go on with it. 话题已经开始了,他不得不谈下去。
            Having been written inhaste, the book has many mistakes. 这书因写得仓促,所以错误不少。
    比较:Being so ill, she can't go to school. 由于病得那么严重,她不能去上学。
                Having been ill for a long time, he needed time to recover. 由于病了很长时间,他需要一段恢复的时间。

考点名称:过去分词
  • 过去分词的概念:

    过去分词一般表示完成和被动的动作,只有一种形式。即:动词原形加-ed构成。
    如:fallen leaves 落叶 
            boiled water 开水
            I heard the door closed. 我听见门被关上了。

  • 过去分词与现在分词被动式的区别:

    两者均可表示被动,其区别主要在于它们所表示的时间概念不同,但有时它们也可表示相同的意思。
    如:Written in haste, the book has many mistakes. 这书因写得仓促,所以错误不少。 
            Being written in haste, the book has many mistakes. 这书因写得仓促,所以错误不少。 
            Having been written in haste, the book has many mistakes. 这书因写得仓促,所以错误不少。
    有时虽然所表示的时间概念相同,但有细微区别:
    如:Having been show the lab, we left. 被领着看了实验室后,我们就离开了。

  • 过去分词的句法功能:

    1、作定语:
    如:I don't like the book written by Martin.
           Our class went on an organized trip last Monday. 上周一我们班开展了一次有组织的旅行。 
    注意:当过去分词是单词时,一般用于名词前,如果是过去分词短语,就放在名词的后面。过去分词做定语相当于一个被动语态的定语从句。
    2、过去分词作表语:
    如:They were very excited at the news. 听到这个消息,他们非常激动。
            The window is broken. 窗户破了。
            They were frightened at the sad sight. 他们对眼前悲惨的景象感到很害怕。
    注意:be+过去分词,如果表示状态是系表结构,如果表示被动的动作是被动语态。
    区别:The window is broken.(系表)
                The window was broken by the boy.(被动)
    有些过去分词是不及物动词构成的,不表示被动,只表示完成。
    如:boiled water(开水) fallen leaves(落叶) newly arrived goods(新到的货) the risen sun(升起的太阳) the changed world(变了的世界)
    这类过去分词有:gone, come, fallen, risen, changed, arrived, returned, passed等。
    3、过去分词作宾语补足语:
    如:I heard the song sung several times last week. 上周我听见这首歌被唱了好几次。
    有时过去分词做with短语中的宾语补足语:
    如:With the work done, they went out to play. 工作做完了,他们出去玩去了。
    4、过去分词作状语:
    如:Praised by the neighbours, he became the pride of his parents.  受到邻居们的表扬,他成为父母的骄傲。(表示原因)
            Onceseen, it can never be forgotten. 一旦它被看见,人们就忘不了。(表示时间)
            Given more time, I'll be able to do it better. 如果给予更多的时间,我能做得更好。(表示条件) 
            Though told of the danger, he still risked his life to save the boy.  虽然被告之危险,他仍然冒生命危险去救那个孩子。(表示让步) 
            Filled with hopes and fears, he entered the cave. 心中充满了希望与恐惧,他走进山洞。
    5、过去分词与逻辑主语构成独立主格:
    如:All books returned at the end of the term, the library assistant was satisfied. 所有的书期末时都还了,图书管理员很高兴。
            The field ploughed, he began to spread seed. 地耕好了,他开始撒种子。

  • 现在分词与过去分词的区别:

    1、分词作表语:
    分词做表语有两种情况,一种是现在分词做表语,一种是过去分词做表语,这两者区别是考试中经常考到的地方。一般来说,表示心理状态的动词如excite,interest等都是及物动词,汉语意思不是“激动”,“高兴”,而是“使激动”、“使高兴”,因而现在分词应该是“令人激动的”、“令人高兴的”,过去分词则是“感到激动的”和“感到高兴的”。所以,凡表示“令人……的”都是-ing形式,凡是表示“感到……”都用-ed形式。换句话说,若人对……感兴趣,就是somebody is in terestedi n...,若人/物本身有兴趣时,就是说sb./sth. is interesting。这类词常见的有:
    interesting 使人感到高兴—interested感到高兴的 
    exciting令人激动的—excited感到激动的
    delighting令人高兴的—delighted感到高兴的 
    disappointing令人失望的—disappointed感到失望的
    encouraging令人鼓舞的—encouraged感到鼓舞的
    pleasing令人愉快的—pleased感到愉快的
    puzzling令人费解的—puzzled感到费解的
    satisfying令人满意的—satisfied感到满意的
    surprising令人惊异的—surprised感到惊异的
    worrying令人担心的—worried感到担心的
    如:Travelling is interesting but tiring. 旅行是有趣的,但是使人疲劳。
            The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too much. 如果要学生学得太多,他们会感到糊涂的。 
            The game is exciting. (现在分词作表语)
            We were excited at the news. (过去分词作表语)

    2、分词作定语:
    分词作定语时有下面几个特点:
    1)现在分词表示主动意义,过去分词一般表示被动含意。
    2)现在分词表示正在进行,过去分词表示状态或做完(完成)的事。
    如:He rushed into the burning house. 他冲进了正在燃烧着的房子。
            The child standing over there is my brother. 站在那儿的男孩子是我弟弟。
            The room facing south is our classroom. 朝南的房间是我们的教室。
            He is an advanced teacher. 他是个先进教师。
    3)下列不及物动词也以过去分词形式做定语或表语,但不具有被动意义,这点要注意:
    departed, elapsed, faded, fallen, gone, frown-up, retired,  returned, risen, set, vanished, much-traveled, newly-arrived, recently-come

    3、分词作状语:
    现在分词做状语与过去分词做状语的最主要区别在于两者与所修饰的主语的主动与被动关系的区别。
    1)现在分词作状语时,现在分词的动作就是句子主语的动作,它们之间的关系是主动关系。
    如:He went out shutting the door behind him. 他出去后将门随手关上。
            Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help. 由于不知如何办是好,他去找父母帮忙。
            Smiling, they came in.
    2)过去分词作状语时,过去分词表示的动作是句子主语承受的动作,它们之间的关系是被动关系。
    如:Cleaned, the room looks nice.
            Given more attention, the trees could have grown better.  如果对这些树多关心一些,它们本来会长得更好。
            Faced with difficulties, we must try to overcome them. 在遇到困难的时候,我们必须设法克服。

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