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请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案写在相应题号的横线上. Communication Principles


                                                         Communication Principles
      How you see yourself can make a great difference in how you communicate. "Every individual exists in a
continually changing world of experience of which he( or she) is the center". Many communication scholars
and social scientists believe that people are products of how others treat them and of the messages others send
them. But every day we experience the centrality of ourselves in communication. A student, for instance, may
describe a conflict with a teacher as unfair treatment:"I know my teacher doesn't like the fact that I don't agree with his opinions and that's why he gave me such a poor grade in that class."The teacher might say the opposite. Each person may believe that he is correct and that the other person's view is wrong.
     The concept of Self originates in communication. Through verbal and nonverbal symbols, a child learns to
accept roles in response to the expectations of others. You establish self-image, the sort of person you believe
you are, by how others think of you. Positive, negative,and neutral messages that you receive from others all
play a role in determining who you are. Communication itself is probably best understood as a dialogue process. Our understanding of communication comes from our interactions with other people. In a more obvious way,
communication involves others in the sense that a competent communicator considers what the other person
needs and expects when selecting messages to share. So, the communication begins with the self, as defined
largely by others, and involves others,as defined largely by the self.
     Communication occurs almost every minute of your life. If you are not communicating with yourself
( thinking, planning, reacting to the world around you), you are observing others and drawing inferences from
their behavior. Even if the other person did not intend a message for you, you gather observations and draw
specific conclusions. A person yawns and you believe that person is bored with your message. A second person looks away from you and you conclude that person is not listening to you. A third person smiles ( perhaps
because of a memory of a joke he heard recently) and you believe that he is attracted to you. We are continually picking up meanings from others' behaviors and we are constantly providing behaviors that have communicative value for them.
     More often than not, you may have hurt someone accidentally and you may have tried to explain that you
did not mean that. You may have told the other person that you were sorry for your statement. You may have
made a joke out of your rude statement. Nonetheless, your comment remains both in the mind of the other
person and in your own mind. You cannot go back in time and erase your messages to others. Communication
cannot be reversed(倒退), nor can it be repeated. When you tried to re-create the atmosphere, the conversation, and the setting, nothing seemed right. Your second experience with a similar setting and person made far
different results.



1. self-centred/subjective.
2. involves.
3. determine/define/know/understand.
4. expectations/hopes/desires/wishes.
5. occurs/happens/exists/arises.
6. reading/understanding/knowing.
7. behaviors/acts/action ( s)/activities.
8. conveying/expressing.
9. erase/remove/delete/change.
10. can't/cannot.


知名教师分析,《 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案写在相应题号的横线上. Communication Principles》这道题主要考你对 等知识点的理解。



  • 单词和短语

    比如说,put off (推迟),look up(查阅,查字典)have a heavy heart(心情沉重)…我们都习惯称为短语或词组(phrase)。put off是由一个动词和介词组成的,但他在句子中充当一个动词的作用,也就是说在这个词组中,put 是词头(head of the phrase) 所以它是动词词组,或动词短语。

  • 题型特点:





  • 例题解析:

    例如:The f____day of the week is Sunday. 该句意为“一周的第一天是星期天”,需要填的词的首字母是“f”,根据常识和序数词有关知识应填“第一”,故填 first。此类题还可考月份。
    例如::September is the n ____ month of the year (答案:ninth)

    例1:Do you like white?We have shirts of different c____. 根据句意,可确定单词为“color”,通过前面的shirts和different两词可确定此处应用colors。
    例2:September10 this T____Day. 根据句意,确定单词“Teacher”,它与Day之间存在所有格关系,将Teacher变为复数,再变为所有格,应填Teachers'。
    例1:He was very a____with the man upstairs and began to shout, "Stop singing!" 根据句意,此处应填形容词原级angry。
    例2:On Sundays, Children play h____in the park. 此处应填副词happily,副词修饰动词。
    例1:Thank you very much for l____me your bike. 介词后动词用-ing形式,故填lending。
    例2:When he was ten, he became i____in maths. become interested in 为固定词组,意为“对……感兴趣”,故此处应填interested。
    例1:There are t____months in a year. 此处应用基数词twelve。
    例2:December is the t____month of the year. 此处应填序数词twelfth。
    例1:Help y____to some fish, Jim. 根据句意,此处应用yourself.
    例2:"Help y____to some fish, please." Mrs Green said to the twins. 根据句意,thetwins为复数,故填yourselves。
    例1:She didn't go to school yesterday b____she was il1. 从句和主句互为因果关系,故填because。
    例2:The football match still went on t____it was raining heavily. 该从句为让步状语从句,故应填though。

  • 解题技巧:

    重读句子,验证答案。完成拼写后,要把句子重读一遍,检查句子是否通顺,单词拼写是否准确无误,单词形式是否正确,如名词的数、格,动词的时态、语态、语气和非谓语形式,形容词、副词的级等。这一步很重要,因为差之毫厘,谬以千里。总而言之,高考单词拼写题既考查学生的词汇量,又考查学生在特定的语境中灵活运用词汇的综合应变能力。要想提高得分率,绝非一日之功。正如谚语所说:“Rome was not built in one day”。所以,考生应该以命题特点为指导,在平时的复习中运用构词法知识多读、多记、多练,并增强语感,辅以行之有效的解题方法,才能熟练掌握,灵活运用,避免出错。

  • 题型拓展:

    例句:The little girl is wearing a____ (粉红色的)dress. (正确答案:pink)
    例句:The story was first written in English and later____ (翻译) into Chinese.(正确答案:translated)
    例句:The book gives a short ____(描述) of the city.(正确答案:description)
    例句:Very few people ____(成功) in losing weight these days.(正确答案:succeed)
    例句:All the boys were standing up ____(笔直). (正确答案:straight)
    例句:One of ____ (邻居) kept a very beautiful garden. (正确答案:neighbours或neighbors)
    例句:He turned on the television set hanging from the____ (天花板). (正确答案:ceiling)
    例句:I usually just have a____ (三明治) for lunch. (正确答案:sandwich)
    例句:I changed into my sports shoes so that I could walk more____(舒服). (正确答案:comfortably)
    例句:A fence at the back of garden (分开) us from the neighbours.(正确答案:separates或separated)