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  3. 八年级英语
  4. 从属连词并列连词

—Your grandparents were very great. —Yes. They supported my father’s schooling ______ they were very

一、题文

—Your grandparents were very great.                           
—Yes. They supported my father’s schooling ______ they were very poor.
A.as ifB.even thoughC.so thatD.what if

考点提示:从属连词,并列连词

二、答案

B

试题分析:句意:——你的祖父母是非常伟大的。——是的。尽管他们很穷,他们支持我父亲上学。A. as if 仿佛,好像;B. even though 尽管,即使;C. so that 以便于;D. what if倘若,假使;结合句意,前半句表示支持上学,后半句表示家里穷,前后表示让步关系,故用连词even though。故选B。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《—Your grandparents were very great. —Yes. They supported my father’s schooling ______ they were very》这道题主要考你对 从属连词并列连词 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:从属连词,并列连词

考点名称:从属连词
  • 从属连词:
    这种连词是用以引导名词性从句定语从句和状语从句的,由从属连词所引导的句子叫从句,而含有从句的句子叫作复合句。
  • 从属连词可分为三大类:
    1、that (无词义,不做成分)
    if,whether (表达是否的意义,但不做句子成分)
    2、连接代词:who,whom,whose,what,which,whatever, whoever, whichever(有词义,在句子中可作主语、表语、宾语)
    3、连接副词:when,where,why,how,how many,how long,how far,however,whenever,wherever (有词义,作从句的状语)

    用法:
    从结构上说,英语连接词分两大类:并列连词和从属连词。

    并列连词连接两个或两个以上地位平等的字、词组或分句。例如:
    (1) Air and water are indispensable to me.   
    (2) She likes going out with friends or playing outdoor games.   
    (3) Most workers have a good income, so they look very happy.   

    从属连词连接两个或两个以上的分句,形成复杂句中的从属分句。例如:   
    (4) He said that he did not want to go .   
    (5) Many things have happened since I last saw him.   
    (6) You may come if you want to.   

    从属连词用来连接各种从句。
    until(till)直到,在用until表达时间状语的句子中,主句中的动词是要十分小心去选择的。
    如动词是持续行动词,它要用肯定句,如:
    I studied hard until 12 o'clock last night.
    如果动词是瞬间截止性动词,则要用否定句,如:
    He didn't go to bed until his mother came back.
    由since,for,by,before, 来引导的时间状语从句。
    since 引导的时间状语是动作的开始时间,如:
    I have studied English since 1990.
    而by引导的时间状语通常是动作的结束时间,如:
    I had learned 25 English songs by the end of last term.

  • 从属连词语法分类:
    种类语法作用连词举例 
    从属连词引导原因状语从句Because, since
    引导条件状语从句If, unless, as long as
    引导目的状语从句So that
    引导结果状语从句So…that
    引导方式状语从句As, just as, as if
    引导让步状语从句Though, although, even
    though, no matter what,
    however, no matter how,
    whoever, no matter who,
    wherever, no matter where
    引导比较状语从句As…as, not so…as, than,
    less…than, the more…the
    more
    引导名词性从句Who, whom, whose, which,
    that, when, where, why
考点名称:并列连词
  • 并列连词
    主要是用来表示并列关系、选择关系、因果推理关系等。也可用来连接平行的词,词组或分句。
  • 并列连词表示关系及代表实例:
    1.表示并列关系
    表示并列关系的连词主要含有“和”、“补充”、“增加”等意思。用来表达并列关系的连词有如下几个:
    and 和 both...and...二者都
    either...or...或者...或者...
    neither...nor...既不...也不...
    as well as 也、连同
    not only...but (also)... 不但...而且...
    e.g.
    I used to live in Paris and London.
    我过去住在伦敦和巴黎。
    Both Jane and Jim are interested in pop music.
    詹妮和吉姆对流行音乐都很感兴趣。
    She is not only kind but also honest.
    她不但和蔼而且诚实。
    Bob as well as his parents is going on holiday this summer.
    鲍勃和他的父母今年夏天要去度假。

    2.表示转折关系
    常用来表示转折关系的并列连词有如下几个:
    but 但是
    yet 然而
    still 仍然
    while 然而
    while 然而、偏偏
    e.g.
    The winter in Beijing is very cold while that of Kunming is warm.
    北京的冬天很冷,然而昆明的冬天却很温暖。
    I explained twice, still he counldn't understand.
    我解释了两遍,然而他却还不懂。

    3.表示选择关系
    表示选择关系的并列连词:
    or 或者
    or else 否则
    otherwise 否则
    neither...nor... 既不...也不...
    either...or... 或者...或者...
    e.g.
    Would you like leave or would you like to stay?
    你是想走还是想留?
    You can come either on Saturday or on Sunday.
    你可以星期六来也可以星期天来。
    Neither you nor I nor anyone else believes such things.
    不管你我或者其他任何人都不会相信这件事。

    4.表示因果推理关系
    表示因果关系的并列连词主要有so,for,then,therefore 等。
    e.g.
    The air here is polluted, so the crops are dying.
    这里的空气受到了污染,所以庄稼快死了。
    The leaves of the trees are falling, for it's already autumn.
    树叶在落下,因为秋天已经到来了。

  • 并列连词注意事项:
    并列连词for引导的分句只能放在句尾,前面用逗号隔开,表示补充说明的微弱理由,只是为前面的内容提供判断的理由,有时译为并列的某种形式。
    这与because不同,because引导的是一种明确的因果关系,解释原因,常可回答why的提问。
  • 几个特殊并列连词用法:
    一、表示并列关系的and,or,well,as,not only...but also... 等连词也有比较活跃的用法。
    and 作为并列连词有多重含义,除了可以表示并列关系外,还可以表示顺承、目的、条件、反复等关系。
    e.g:He went to market and bought some vegetables.(表示顺承,动作的先后发生)
    他到市场买了一些蔬菜。
    Come and help me out.(表示目的)
    过来帮我一下。
    Be careful and you'll make fewer mistakes.(表示条件)
    如果仔细,你所犯的错就少。

    二、or 与 either...or...
    or表示为“否则”的话,前句一般是祈使句,后句用一般将来时。
    在表示选择关系时or 与 either...or... 用法相同,但 either...or...更具强调性。
    在多个对象进行选择时,可以用A or B or C... , either A or B or C... , neither A or B or C... 。
    e.g:Either Jim or Jake or Jeff knows about this.

    三、as well as 与not only... but also...
    名词+as well as+名词作主语时,强调前面的名词,谓语动词要根据前面的名词而定。
    not only...but also...连接名词作主语时,其强调在后者,谓语动词要根据后面的名词而定。
    e.g:China as well as many other countries loves peace.
    中国与世界上的其他许多国家一样热爱和平。
    Not only Bill but also his parents want to go traveling by bike.
    不仅比尔而且他的父母都想骑自行车去旅游。
    注:当or,neither...nor...,either...or 等连接主语时,谓语动词由or或nor后面的部分而定。
  • 并列连词表示关系:

    种类

    用法 

    举例 

    并列连词

    表示转折关系

    but, yet等

    表示因果关系

    For, so等

    表示并列关系

    And, or, either…or,
    neither…nor, not only..
    but also, as well as等

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